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Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean females aged 19-79 years: the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related problems

Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean females aged 19-79 years: the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related problems

Eunji Choi

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Ha Na Cho

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Da Hea Seo

2 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Inha University class of Medicine, Incheon, Korea

Boyoung Park

3 Department of Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Sohee Park

4 Graduate Class of Public Wellness, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Juhee Cho

5 Department of Clinical Research and Evaluation, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea

Sue Kim

6 University of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Yeong-Ran Park

7 Division of Silver Industry, Kangnam University, Yongin, Korea

Kui Son Choi

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Yumie Rhee

8 Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine analysis Institute, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea



Whilst the prevalence of obesity in Asian ladies has remained stagnant, studies of socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Asian women are scarce. This study aimed to look at the prevalence that is recent of in Korean ladies aged between 19 years and 79 years also to evaluate socioeconomic inequalities in obesity.


Information had been produced by the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related problems. The test that is chi-square logistic regression analysis had been utilized to investigate the associations between socioeconomic facets and obesity utilizing Asian standard human anatomy mass index (BMI) groups: low ( 2 ), normal (18.5-22.9 kg/m 2 ), obese (23.0-24.9 kg/m 2 ), and overweight (≥25.0 kg/ m 2 ). As inequality-specific indicators, the slope index of inequality (SII) and relative index of inequality (RII) had been determined, with adjustment for age and self-reported wellness status.


Korean ladies were categorized in to the after BMI categories: underweight (5.3%), normal fat (59.1%), obese (21.2%), and overweight (14.4%). The SII and RII unveiled significant inequalities in obesity and only more urbanized women (SII, 4.5; RII, 1.4) and against of females who had been very educated (SII, -16.7; RII, 0.3). Subgroup analysis revealed inequalities in obesity in accordance with home earnings among more youthful ladies and in accordance with urbanization among females aged 65-79 years.


Clear inequalities that are educational obesity existed in Korean ladies. Reverse inequalities in urbanization had been additionally obvious in older females. Developing techniques to deal with the multiple inequalities that are observed obesity among Korean females may show required for effortlessly decreasing the burden with this infection.


Obesity, which will be increasing in prevalence around the world, is really a condition that is physical because of the accumulation of extortionate surplus fat, along with a great many other wellness impairments. Obesity happens to be discovered to adversely affect pom dating app a broad spectral range of conditions, from non-communicable problems to psychological and health that is social including diabetic issues, malignancies, depression, discrimination, as well as others 1-4. The harmful consequences to be obese or overweight are discovered to be especially harmful in females, elevating risks for reproductive disorders, psychological state conditions, and predominantly women’s cancers, such as for example endometrial and cancer of the breast 5-8.

Disparities in obesity prevalence have now been found to alter in accordance with parameters differences that are reflecting socioeconomic status, such as for instance urbanization, education, and earnings amounts. Females surviving in urbanized areas and residing in socioeconomically-deprived conditions have already been reported to show faster grows within the prevalence of obesity and overweight 9-13. Notwithstanding, the direction and magnitude of aftereffects of socioeconomic factors on inequalities in obesity might vary across nations 14-16. In united states and europe, inequalities linked to obesity have actually generally been well documented; obesity happens to be discovered become disproportionately more predominant among individuals with reduced amounts of training and earnings, residents of less urbanized areas, and people lacking use of medical 10,15. On the other hand, although just a few research reports have addressed socioeconomic inequalities in obesity in developing nations, many findings of these nations indicate contrasting outcomes education that is regarding earnings status (in other words., greater obesity prices in females with degree and home earnings) 16. In light associated with link between a study that is prior socioeconomic facets affect obesity status in many ways that vary by country, you should give consideration to just just how these socioeconomic facets affect obesity to build up wellness advertising programs.

Within the Republic of Korea (hereafter Korea), the prevalence of obesity was formally surveyed making use of human anatomy mass index (BMI) since 1998. The mean BMI for Korean females slightly increased from 1998 to 2005 and stabilized from 2005 to 2014 17. Even though general prevalence of obesity in females is leaner than compared to males, Korean women over the age of 65 years have actually greater obesity prices than guys of a comparable age 18. Furthermore, while BMI in Korean men slowly increases as we grow older, in Korean females, it sharply increases following the chronilogical age of 40 years and menopause 17. Furthermore, inspite of the stable findings from the general prevalence of obesity among Korean ladies, an increase that is significant grade II obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m 2 ) from 1998 to 2014 happens to be recorded, specifically for females aged two decades to 59 years 17.

While obesity prices in Korea are notably less than those of other Organization for Economic Cooperation and developing nations, socioeconomic inequalities in obesity continue being a place of discussion 10. Outcomes from past studies, but, mirror outdated data 10,19 and offer incomplete conclusions on inequality as a result of the use of restricted inequality indicators 19. For the part that is most, those studies used mainstream logistic analyses or direct easy evaluations of price distinctions (extra danger) or ratios amongst the greatest and cheapest socioeconomic teams. Nevertheless, the standard approach of comparing extreme groups from the socioeconomic range fails to consider modifications throughout the full variety of socioeconomic teams. In this research, we used the slope index of inequality (SII) in addition to general index of inequality (RII), that are regression-based measures of wellness status across all ranges of every factor 20 that is socioeconomic. Additionally, although previous documents emphasized the discrepancies of obesity habits by sex, they centered on describing mechanisms of obesity in Korean adult males as a result of the greater prevalence of obesity in men 10,19.

Therefore, in this research, we aimed to report the prevalence of obesity among Korean adult women aged 19 years to 79 years utilizing current nationally representative information. We additionally sought to research associations between socioeconomic facets and obesity in Korean ladies. In specific, we examined current inequalities that are socioeconomic obesity among Korean ladies in accordance with home earnings, education degree, and urbanization (location of residence) via absolute and general indicators specialized for inequality analysis.

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